What is acne?

Pimples, blackheads, whiteheads and cysts are all collectively known as acne. Acne is a common skin issue for many people and usually affects your face, upper back, shoulders and chest. It usually begins during puberty.

Some people may only have mild acne while for others it’s a persistent problem that can be frustrating to manage. Sometimes acne can cause scarring.


Signs and symptoms of acne:

  • Whiteheads
  • Blackheads
  • Papules - small red tender bumps
  • Pimples - papules with pus
  • Nodules - large, inflamed lumps below your skin’s surface
  • Cystic lesions - lumps filled with pus below your skin’s surface

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What causes acne?

Acne is caused by the overproduction of oil (sebum), usually caused by hormonal changes during puberty. Excess oil production causes your pores to become blocked with oil and dead skin cells. Bacteria can become trapped, causing acne.


Some medications can also make acne worse and females may find it gets worse closer to their periods or during pregnancy. Sometimes acne is due to underlying health conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome or hypothyroidism.


Who is most likely to have acne?

Acne is most common in teenagers due to hormonal changes, but it can occur at any age. Acne can also be heredity.

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Home remedies that can help acne

  • Cleanse your face twice a day with a cleanser designed for your skin type
  • Avoid picking or squeezing acne
  • Remove all your makeup before going to bed
  • Avoid sugar, starchy foods and highly processed foods, and incorporate more vegetables and whole foods into your diet
  • Correct any underlying nutritional, hormonal or health problems
  • Focus on improving internal health

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